Chest diseases are the main disciplines dealing with lung and respiratory system diseases. In the department where the diagnosis and treatment of patients with respiratory system complaints are made, asthma, bronchitis, pulmonary embolism, allergic diseases, respiratory disorders developing during sleep, tuberculosis, pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cigarette addiction and related diseases are treated. During the treatment process, chest physicians work with a multidisciplinary approach and, when necessary, are in consultation with other units.
In the Chest Diseases department, many different diagnostic methods such as laboratory tests, advanced radiological imaging tests, respiratory function tests, allergy tests, diffusion tests are used when necessary in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. On the other hand, the sleep laboratory for the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders due to breathing and the bronchoscopy unit, where advanced imaging services are provided in the diagnosis of various diseases, are also used by the physicians of the departments.
The specialist physician first listens to the comprehensive history of the patients who apply to the chest diseases department. He then performs a physical examination and may request laboratory tests and radiological imaging if necessary. After the diagnosis of the disease is made, the appropriate treatment method is determined and inpatient or outpatient treatment begins.
Common Chest Diseases and Their Treatments:
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a condition that includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. This disease, which reduces the quality of life of the individual and causes breathing difficulties even during daily activities, is also a progressive chronic disease with cough and phlegm.
Lung Cancer occurs as a result of uncontrolled and rapid proliferation of lung cells. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy and surgical methods are used in the treatment of the disease that causes bloody sputum, shortness of breath and chest pain complaints.
Asthma and Allergic Lung Diseases and allergies, there is a natural link between Asthma and Allergic Lung Diseases and allergies. As a result of the entry of any allergen that the immune system sees as a threat to the body, we encounter narrowing of the respiratory tract, increase in mucus production, cough and wheezing.
Chronic Coughs are coughs, that last longer than 3 weeks, reduce sleep quality, cause fatigue and reduce a person’s quality of life. The cause of chronic coughs, which can often be a symptom of a more serious disease, should be determined and treatment should be performed without delay.
Pneumonia, if an infection develops in the lungs due to bacteria, viruses or fungi. The resulting infection fills into air-filled sacs called alveoli and breathing becomes difficult. Pneumonia, which manifests itself with fever, cough, sweating, chest pain, chills and even shortness of breath, needs to be treated immediately.
Pulmonary Swelling (Pneumothorax), Pneumothorax may occur as a result of another disease or during medical intervention. In some cases, it is observed that it occurs for no reason. The disease, which causes chest pain, cough and shortness of breath, needs to be treated urgently.
Pulmonary embolism (pulmonary embolism), a blood clot that occurs in different areas of the body and can reach the lungs through the blood can block other vessels, especially the pulmonary artery. It shows signs of chest pain, sweating, palpitations, bloody sputum and shortness of breath.
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease caused by the abnormal functioning of the immune system, affecting the heart, liver, spleen, brain, eye, lymph nodes and especially the lung. The exact cause of this non-contagious disease is unclear. For the diagnosis of the disease, blood and urine tests, lung x-ray and lung tomography are required.
Pleurisy is the filling of the space between the lung membranes with more fluid than it should be due to various reasons. Pleurisy should be regarded as a different symptom of a disease rather than a disease in itself. Diseases such as tuberculosis, lung cancer, lung abscess and pneumonia can cause fluid accumulation.
Sleep Apnea means breathing stops during sleep. Symptoms such as increased daytime sleepiness and snoring are common symptoms of sleep disorders. For a definitive diagnosis, the patient is evaluated overnight in the sleep laboratory. Meanwhile, respiratory effort, sleep stages, air flow, electrocardiography, electroencephalography, electromyography, arousal and oxygen saturation items are recorded. Thus, whether there is apnea, its frequency, how long it lasts, and the effect of apnea on general body functions are evaluated.
Which Diseases Does Chest Diseases Consider?
It provides inpatient follow-up services with outpatient clinics for the diagnosis, diagnosis and treatment of chest diseases, lung and respiratory diseases. The main diseases treated are:
- Respiratory infections
- Acute infections (bronchitis, flu, cold, common cold, tracheitis)
- Chronic infections (bronchiectasis, tuberculosis, chronic bronchitis)
- Allergy tests
- Asthma diagnosis, follow-up and treatment
- Lung cancer early diagnosis and treatment
- Anti-smoking programs
- Interstitial lung diseases