Pediatric surgery deals with all surgical procedures related to children between the ages of 0 and 14, from infancy to adolescence. It helps in correcting newborn abnormalities that are known before or after birth in babies by surgical operation both in the mother’s womb and in normal life and to make all subsequent follow-ups. Pediatric surgery intensively deals with the diagnosis and treatment of surgical and urological problems of all individuals between the ages of 0-14, especially babies. The main areas of activity of the Pediatric Surgery department are:
- Oncological surgery
- Non-cardiac thoracic surgery
- Pediatric endocrine surgery
- Digestive system surgery
- Diagnostic and interventional endoscopic applications
- Pediatric gynecology
- Trauma surgery
- Laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgical procedures
Operations Performed in Pediatric Surgery Department
Surgical interventions worry children more than older people. Since he does not fully understand the incident, the operation to be supported according to the psychological development of the child should be explained. The greatest aim of the healthcare personnel of the pediatric surgery department is to perform the operation in the most comfortable, painless way for the child and without harming the psychological development. Local or general anesthesia is applied in operations performed on children. Operations performed by applying local anesthesia;
- Abscess drainage
- Skin and subcutaneous biopsy
- Muscular and nervous system biopsies
- Nevus removal
Lymph node biopsy. These operations are performed in the Small Surgery Intervention Room. Operations performed under general anesthesia are outpatient or inpatient operations. General anesthesia is applied because there are larger operations than others.
Outpatient Pediatric Surgery operations;
In outpatient operations, the patient is firstly examined in the outpatient clinic. After the examination, the patient is taken to the operating room, the surgery is performed and returns home on the same day.
Day surgeries are:
- Inguinal region surgeries such as cord cyst, hernia, hydrocele, varicocele and undescended testicle
- Neck and head surgery such as branch residue and lymph node biopsy
- Port catheter insertion
- Central catheter placement
- Perineal region surgeries such as perianal fistula, hemorrhoidectomy, anal dilatation, urethral dilatation and Perianal abscess drainage
Pediatric surgery operations performed on an inpatient basis:
Almost all operations other than the above-mentioned surgeries are performed on an inpatient basis. Inpatient operations include the treatment of all congenital and acquired problems of the liver and bile ducts, reproductive and urinary tract, chest, gastrointestinal tract, endoscopic examinations, laparoscopic and thoracoscopic procedures and organ transplants.
Issues to be Considered in Operations
The points to be considered regarding children before and after the operations are as follows:
- If the pediatric patient has regularly used medication, it should be used as recommended by the doctor before surgery.
- On the day of surgery, all x-rays and results of the patient should be with you.
- If the child has medications that he/she should use before or after anesthesia due to his/her current illness, the medication should definitely be present.
- If there are any health problems between the doctor’s last check-up and surgery, the doctor should be informed.
- To be with the child to help undress the and to dress the special clothing.
- The child is not wearing accessories such as necklaces, watches, and earrings.
- Paying attention to financial and psychological nutrition before and after surgery