The ear, nose, and throat department, short for ENT, is a science that examines the medical and surgical diseases of the ears, nose and sinuses, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, and neck region. The structures within the scope of the ENT department are ear, nose, nasal passage, sinuses, larynx, mouth, upper pharynx, salivary glands, and thyroid.
What diseases does the ENT department treat?
An ear nose throat doctor (otolaryngologist) is trained in both medical and surgical treatment methods for ear-related ailments. These include hearing problems, ear infections, balance problems, facial or cranial nerve disorders, outer ear, and inner ear problems. Ear-related diseases; Tinnitus, earwax, fluid accumulation in the ear, external auditory canal inflammation, acute otitis media, hearing loss. In addition to these, the ENT specialist also deals with problems such as ear tumors, ear pain, ear discharge, ear bleeding.
An otolaryngologist deals with nasal discharge and cold, nasal deformity, nasal curvature, nasal bleeding, olfactory disorders, rhinoplasty, sinusitis, allergic rhinitis.
Diseases of the upper respiratory and digestive tract or digestive tract and problems with the structure of the larynx are also included in the scope of the Ear Nose and Throat Specialist. Disorders related to voice, breathing, and swallowing is also included in this. Throat-related diseases are sleep apnea, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, snoring, tonsillitis.
Head and Neck Diseases
Otolaryngologists intervene in infections and tumors in the head and neck structures. They are also trained in the treatment of facial traumas and facial deformities.
Diagnosed and Treated Diseases
- Ear Diseases: Middle ear infections, External ear canal inflammations, Otosclerosis, Sudden hearing loss, Inner ear diseases that cause dizziness, Congenital hearing loss, Cholesteatoma, Benign and malignant tumors of the ear, prominent ear deformity.
- Nasal and paranasal sinus diseases; Nasal bone fractures, Acute and chronic sinusitis, Septum deviations, Nasal polyp, Conca hypertrophies, Benign and malignant tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses,
- Oral and Throat diseases; Tonsil diseases, Adenoid enlargement, Nasopharynx angiofibroma, Nasopharynx cancers, Benign and malignant tumors of the lip, Benign and malignant tumors of the tongue, Benign and malignant tumors of the jaw bones, speech disorders, peripheral facial paralysis.
- Neck diseases; Branchial cyst, thyroglossal cyst, Neck lymphangioma, hemangioma, Laryngeal nodule, polyps, Laryngeal cancers, Hypopharynx cancers, Thyroid gland diseases, Lymphoma that causes neck swelling, Unilateral or bilateral vocal cord paralysis, Blunt and penetrating trauma of the neck.
- Sleep disorders: Simple snoring, sleep-disordered breathing.
- Otosclerosis surgery
- Chronic otitis microscopic surgeries
- Cochlear implantation
- External ear canal atresia surgery
- Cholesteatoma surgery
- Glomus surgery
- Endoscopic inverted papilloma surgery
- Endoscopic angiofibroma surgery
- Endoscopic CSF Fistula repair
- Septal perforation repair
- Partial / total laryngectomy
- Partial / total parotidectomy
- Neck dissection
- Robotic head and neck cancer surgery applications
- Robotic sleep apnea surgeries
- Expansion sphincter pharyngoplasty
- Tongue root reduction
- Videonystagmography (VNG)
- Speech therapy
- Cochlear implant patient follow-up processes
- Polysomnography (PSG)