The transplantation of the whole or part of the organ taken from a living donor or a person with brain death instead of the organ that cannot perform its function in the body is called organ transplantation. Today, we successfully transplant heart, lung, liver, kidney, small intestine and pancreas. We also transplant tissues such as bones, tendons and ligaments to give freedom of movement to people who have tissue loss due to trauma and cancer. Our cornea transplantation allows for the vision of blind patients due to the damage of this tissue, and skin transplantation allows the removal of scars after burns and closure of wounds.
- Heart Diseases That May Cause Transplant Surgery A heart transplant can greatly improve the quality of life and longevity of people with serious heart diseases:
- Congenital heart disease
- Coronary artery disease
Heart valve diseases Heart failure is caused by conditions that strain and weaken the heart muscles. The heart cannot pump or fill blood as it once did. The most common causes of heart failure are:
- Coronary artery disease
Heart transplant surgery is performed only on local patients in Türkiye.
Young people who are diagnosed with diabetes at a young age (Type 1 Diabetes) have to live with insulin all their lives. Unfortunately, their pancreas cannot secrete the insulin necessary to regulate sugar in their body. This situation causes a number of medical and social problems in patients. Diabetes is one of the most dangerous diseases for the body. Due to diabetes, other organs are damaged rapidly over time. The heart, eyes, nervous system are just some of these organs. Diabetes, which can even cause kidney failure, can condemn patients to dialysis. The life of people who have to use both insulin and dialysis becomes unbearable over time.
The best treatment to prevent damage to the body from diabetes is to transplant a new pancreas to replace the pancreas that cannot secrete insulin. If the patient’s kidneys were also damaged due to diabetes, both kidney and pancreas transplantation should be performed at the same time. Thus, the patient gets rid of both diabetes and kidney failure for life.
Pancreas Transplant surgery is only performed on local patients in Türkiye.
Lung transplant; It is given to patients with progressive lung diseases for whom there is no proven cure or for whom maximum medical therapy is insufficient. Among the most common lung transplant diseases; COPD, lung fibrosis, cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, pulmonary arterial hypertension, sarcoidosis can be counted. The decision for lung transplantation varies according to the circumstances. If the benefit of performing a lung transplant outweighs the risk of not performing a transplant, transplantation should be considered.
Lung transplantation should be discussed in chronic end-stage lung disease in the following situations:
1 – High (>50%) risk of death from lung disease within 2 years if transplant is not performed
2- High probability of living at least 90 days after lung transplantation (>80%)
In terms of general medical condition, the probability of living 5 years after transplantation is high (> 80%)
Not all patients who are considered for lung transplantation may be suitable for lung transplantation. Lung transplantation is a complex, difficult treatment; There is a high risk of morbidity and mortality (death) during the operation period. The patient may have other accompanying diseases. Therefore, patients should be evaluated in terms of accompanying additional problems and conditions that prevent transplantation.
The liver is one of the most important organs of our body. The main role of the liver in fulfilling many functions, from digestion to immunity, from nutrient storage to removal of waste from the body and blood clotting. Failure of the liver due to various diseases is called liver failure. After a certain stage, the only solution for liver failure is liver transplantation.
Surgery, known as eye transplant, is only the transplant of the transparent corneal layer, the eye is not completely transplanted. Corneal transplantation is a surgery where the corneal tissue that has lost its transparency or deformed is removed and the healthy corneal tissue taken from the dead is placed in its place. Cornea transplantation is an operation that is performed over 40000 approximately every year in the world. Cornea transplantation constitutes the most common and successful group among all transplant surgeries performed.
The kidneys are the organs responsible for the excretion of metabolism products through urine production and for the fluid balance of the body. Although it varies depending on fluid intake and fluid loss, an average of 1-2 liters of urine output per day occurs. The minimum amount of urine required for adequate excretion of metabolism products is approximately half a liter a day. It performs vital functions such as ensuring the body’s fluid and electrolyte balance, active vitamin D synthesis, and contributing to the regulation of blood pressure, as well as enabling the removal of harmful metabolism residues to the body. It occurs as a result of loss of kidney function for different reasons. Diabetes, high blood pressure, chronic kidney infections, stones, immune system diseases (Glomerulonephritis), long-term use of kidney-damaging drugs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, kidney-harmful antibiotics, etc.) can cause chronic kidney failure. Failure of the kidney due to various diseases is called kidney failure. After a certain stage, the only solution for the kidney failure is kidney transplantation.