What is Interventional Radiology?
Interventional radiology is the therapeutic sub-branch of radiology and is a branch that is rapidly advancing day by day. It is applied by interventional radiologists.
These are the treatment methods applied by entering the relevant area in the body from a small area such as a pinhole in the skin accompanied by guidewires and tools. During these procedures, local anesthesia is applied, and treatment is performed with a closed method without the need for major surgeries and incisions. The usage frequency and usage area has increased in recent years.
What are the advantages of interventional radiology?
- It is less traumatic for the patient than surgery and can be tolerated more easily.
- It provides the opportunity to recover in a short time with less pain.
- The surrounding tissue integrity is preserved to a great extent.
- Hospitalization time is much shorter than surgical procedures.
Interventional radiology includes treatment methods that are grouped under two main groups: vascular (vascular) or extra-vascular (non-vascular). According to these groups, treatment planning and application is performed with imaging by entering directly into the vein from the skin or into the organs or spaces in the body. Imaging methods used during treatment; It can be Ultrasonography, Computed Tomography, Digital Subtraction Angiography (DSA), Fluoroscopy or Magnetic Resonance (MR).
Possible procedures with Interventional Radiology:
Vascular Interventions (Related to the vessels):
Diagnostic classical angiography procedures: Showing the vessels of the relevant region
Stent or Balloon Angioplasty: Procedures to open the vessel in vascular stenosis or occlusion. Sample; Opening of arterial and venous stenosis in places such as neck and legs,
Embolization: The process of closing the diseased vessels by reaching them intravenously. Example: Closure of aneurysm (bubble) in the brain vessels, closure of the vessel that causes bleeding in the digestive system, closure of the vessels that feed tumors, closure of the vessels that feed the uterine myomas that cause bleeding, and myoma shrinkage.
Treatment of leg varicose veins: Closure and destruction of veins or veins that cause varicose veins by ultrasound-guided laser burning.
Non-vascular Interventions (Extravascular):
It is the treatment of diseases in different anatomical areas. Abscess, cyst treatments, catheter procedures applied to kidney and bile ducts, radio frequency, microwave burning procedures applied to tumors, biopsy from various organs or masses can be listed.