Infectious Diseases Pediatric

Children’s Infectious Diseases

Although infectious diseases are the name given to the general name of diseases caused by parasites or microbes entering people’s bodies in the medical literature, such diseases can also be used under different names. Infectious diseases can also be seen in children.

What are Pediatric Infectious Diseases?

Children, pediatric infectious diseases, rashes of childhood, febrile and infectious diseases, hospital infections, congenital infections, infectious hepatitis, infections developed in children with suppressed immune system due to various reasons or congenital immunodeficiency and acquired immunodeficiency virus (HIV virus) or developing disease It is a field in which modern medicine approaches to children and adolescents, prolonged fever, tuberculosis and lower respiratory tract infections, viral infections, central nervous system infections.

Viral Infection

Viral infections include colds, measles, rubella, chickenpox, warts, herpes, hepatitis, upper and lower respiratory tract infections, polio, HIV, HPV, rabies. Some children get over these infections quickly, and some take a long time to treat them. Viral infections are not treated with antibiotics.

Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

One of the most common questions in children is lower and upper respiratory tract infections. Upper respiratory tract infections seen in seasonal changes are seen as a result of the decrease in body resistance with the weakening of the immune system. Upper respiratory tract infection is usually seen with symptoms such as mild fever, cough, tiredness, sneezing and nasal congestion. Lower respiratory tract infections are seen as acute bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, COPD, pneumonia, and tuberculosis. If the upper respiratory tract infection is not treated sufficiently, it can be seen as a lower respiratory tract infection, which prolongs the treatment process.

Why Is Fever Important in Children?

Children under the age of two may have an average of 9 febrile illnesses a year. Although the vast majority of these febrile attacks develop due to viral upper-respiratory tract infections, in some cases, the cause of fever in children may be due to serious infections:

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Pneumonia
  • Bloodstream infection
  • Meningitis
  •  Skin and soft tissue infection
  •  Joint and bone infections

High Fever Treatment

The first step in evaluating the febrile child is clinical evaluation. First of all, it is learned from the first mouth when the fever in the child starts, how many degrees it reaches the maximum, whether it responds to antipyretics, how many days it has been, what the complaints accompanying fever are and the child is examined. With this first clinical follow-up and evaluation, the fever focus is tried to be determined. In some cases, fever focus cannot be detected in the child in the first evaluation, in these cases, some tests can be performed to understand whether there are serious infections.

Diseases and Conditions Evaluated in Pediatric Infectious Diseases Department

  • Upper respiratory tract infections
  • Lower respiratory tract infections
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Bloodstream infections
  • Meningitis and encephalitis
  • Bone and soft tissue infections
  • Rash diseases
  • Children with frequent infections
  • Children with prolonged fever
  • Children with fever of unknown origin
  • Children with periodic fever syndrome
  • Tuberculosis
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