Cardiology is a branch of science that deals with heart and circulatory system diseases. Cardiology, formerly a sub-branch of internal medicine, is now a separate branch.
Heart diseases, which are manifested by various symptoms such as chest tightness, palpitations, gas complaints, shortness of breath, feeling of fatigue and rarely fever, are one of the main health problems in the world and in our country. Heart diseases occur in a wide age range from very young ages to advanced ages. Due to the gradual increase of these diseases and their bad results, our hospital has given the necessary importance to this area and paid attention to the studies related to it.
In order to increase the success rate of our cardiology clinic and physicians, the latest technology products are used in our hospital.
What Does Cardiology Look For?
We can list some diseases diagnosed in the cardiology department as follows:
- Heart failure
- Heart rhythm disturbances
- Heart valve diseases
- Aortic vessel diseases
- Peripheral vascular diseases
- Hyperlipidemia / Dyslipidemia (lipid metabolism diseases)
Symptoms in Cardiology Diseases
Although the symptoms of cardiology diseases vary according to the types of the disease, the common ones are:
- Heart palpitations
- Unintentional weight loss
- Chest pain, usually in people with artery disease
- Breathing difficulties and urination at night due to heart failure
- Hemoptysis, i.e. blood vomiting, which occurs in problems with the heart valves
- Orthopnea that develops due to worsening breathing difficulties
- Impotence, i.e. hardening problem
- Syncope, or fainting, which is one of the common cardiological symptoms.
- The most characteristic sign of heart failure, the paroxysmal point
Echocardiography Coronary angiography: In coronary angiography, the images of the vessels feeding the heart are taken. Since local anesthesia is used during angiography, the patient does not feel any pain or ache. Depending on the technique in which angiography is applied, the patient may need to stay in the hospital for a certain period of time.
(ECG): EKO, which is used in the diagnosis of heart failure and heart valve disorders, allows the examination of the heart structure through a probe.
Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE): In some cases where the commonly used superficial echocardiography method is insufficient, echocardiography through the esophagus may be required. This is called transesophageal echocardiography. It is an examination similar to gastroscopy.
Stress (Stress and Medication) Echocardiography: Stress echocardiography, also known as stress ECG, is a method used to record the heartbeat of the person during exercise by giving medication. It is used when exercising to help determine if the heart is getting enough oxygen and proper blood flow when it needs it most. Patients with symptoms of coronary heart disease (coronary artery disease) such as chest pain can also be tested
Holter (tension + rhythm Holter, 24, 48 and 72 hours): A wearable device where the heart rhythm of the patient can be followed is called a Holter. Holter may need to remain in the body for 24, 48, or 72 hours to study the heart rhythm.
CT coronary angiography: CT coronary angiography is a tomographic imaging method using contrast material. It is a method that helps to plan the treatment of many diseases such as anatomical disorders in the heart.
Calcium screening: In the calcium scanning performed in the coronary vessels, no drug is administered intravenously and the result is obtained in a short time like 15 seconds. With the detection of calcium accumulated in the vessels, the risk of patients in terms of heart disease can be determined, and precautions can be taken with early diagnosis.
Cardiology Diagnosis and Treatment Methods
- Cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography
- Coronary angioplasty
- Stent placement
- Pacemaker implantation (biventricular, ICD)
- All emergency actions
What Does a Cardiology Doctor Look for?
The cardiologist deals with all related diseases of the heart and circulatory system in general.
For example; hypertension, atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, acute coronary syndrome, angina pectoris, ischemic heart diseases, heart attack and heart failure, aortic insufficiency, aortic stenosis, tricuspid stenosis, mitral valve insufficiency, mitral valve stenosis, etc. we can give diseases.
What is the Difference Between Cardiovascular Surgery and Cardiology?
These two sections are often confused because of the same working area. Cardiology department deals with the diagnosis and diagnosis of heart diseases and plans the necessary treatment. However, if a surgical procedure is required for the treatment of heart disease in the person, cardiovascular surgery department and the necessary procedure is performed by the surgeons in these departments is carried out. Except for the diseases that the cardiovascular surgery department and cardiology are interested in, there are differences in terms of the treatments applied. Vascular surgery, heart valve surgery, aortic surgery, angio and stenting, applications such as congenital heart surgery, coronary bypass surgery and varicose veins surgery they are the treatments that cardiovascular surgeons can do. To summarize briefly; the person thinks there is something wrong with their heart and they have complaints should apply directly to the cardiology department. As a result of the examination done here whether there is a problem in the heart, if so, what the problem is and its treatment is determined.