Bacteriology and Microbiology
Bacteriology; It is to obtain and identify bacteria that infect humans and to determine their antibiotic susceptibility. (Typhoid, cholera, bacteria that cause throat infections, etc.)
Microbiology: Microbiology is a science called microorganisms that examines small creatures, many of which can only be seen under a microscope. Many of these microorganisms cause diseases in humans. At the beginning of these; bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. In the Microbiology Laboratory, which is a unit of the Clinical Laboratory, these microorganisms can be examined and the diseases that occur in individuals can be determined.
The diseases caused by these tiny creaturesthat we cannot see with the naked eye are generally called Infectious Diseases (Infectious Diseases). Tens of thousands of different microorganisms appear as pathogens.
In this unit, direct and indirect tests are carried out on microorganisms that cause infection. In the laboratory, guiding tests are performed in the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of infectious diseases in blood and all kinds of body fluids, tissue samples, extracts such as urine and feces and various other samples. There are bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology and serology departments as subunits.
Virology: Diagnostic tests of viruses that cause disease in humans (HPV etc.)
Mycology; Obtaining and identifying fungi that cause disease in humans and testing their susceptibility to antifungals (fungicides).
Parasitology; Investigation of parasites and parasite eggs in feces, urine and some other body fluids.
Serology: Antibody-based diagnostic method in infectious diseases
The main tests studied in the microbiology laboratory are: Culture tests, bacteria identification tests, antibiotic and antifungal susceptibility tests, antibiotic resistance studies, direct microscopic examinations, stained preparation examinations, search for parasite eggs in feces, antigen screening tests, antibody tests (serological tests), PCR (Molecular diagnostic tests, including Polymerized Chain Reaction test)
When it comes to microbiology laboratory, the first thing that comes to mind among these tests is culture, bacteria identification and antibiotic susceptibility tests. These tests are carried out in our laboratory, using international standards and an automation system. With this system, bacteria are defined more advanced than conventional methods, and information on resistance mechanisms that cannot be revealed is also obtained. This makes very important contributions in the treatment of infections. Especially, this information is very important in dealing with infections caused by multiple resistant bacteria that cause hospital infections.